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Full text of "Pro Archia;"

:CM 



Cicero,Marcu Tull.ius. Pro Archia 

Pro Archia.) ed. and tr. by 
Allcroft and Plaistowe. 
Pt.3:- Translation 



LL 

CS684pra 



CICERO 
PRO ARCHIA 



A TRANSLATION 



BY 

A. H. ALLCEOFT, M.A. 

AND 

F. a. PLAISTOWE, M.A. 






,0 



"V <6 



LONDON : W. B. OLIVE 



HIGH ST., NEW OXFORD ST., W.C. 






UNIVERSITY TUTORIAL PRESS. 



B&ittons of 3Latfn and (Steefc Classics* 

The Text is in all cases accompanied by Introduction and Notes: 



books 



marked (*) contain also an alphabetical Lexicon. 



The Vocabularies are in order of the Text and are preceded by Test Papers. 



Acts of Apostles. 


Text. 


Voc. 
1/3 


ClTRTIUS 


Tsxt. 








Book 9, Ch. 6-end. 


1/0 


AESCHYLUS 










Eumenides. 


4/6 


1/3 


DEMOSTHENES 




Persae. 


3/0 




Androtion. 


6/0 


Prometheus Vinotus. 


3/6 








Septera contra Thebaa. 


4/6 


1/3 


EURIPIDES 










Alcestis. 




ARISTOPHANES 






Andromache. 
Bacchae. 


4/6 
4/6 


Ranae. 


4/6 


... 


Hecuba. 


2/0 








Hippolytus. 


4/6 


CAESAR 






Iphigenia in Tauris. 


4/6 


Civil War, Book 1. 


2/0 




Medea. 


3/0 


Civil War, Book 3. 
Gallic War, Books 1-7. 


3/0 


i/s 


HERODOTUS 




(each) 
Gallic War, Book 1, 


*2/0 


1/0 


Book 3. 
Book 4, Ch. 1-144. 


4/6 

4/6 


Ch. 1-29. 


1/6 




Book 6. 




Gallic War, Books 4, 6. 


*/" 

*3/6 




Book 8. 


4/6 


The Invasion of Britain. 


*2/0 


i/b 


HOMER 




CICERO 
De Amioitia. 
Be Finibus, Book 1. 
De Finibus, Book 2. 


*2/0 
3/6 
4/6 


1/0 


Iliad, Book 24. 
Odyssey, Books 11,12. 
Odyssey, Books 13, 14. 
Odyssey, Book 17. 


3/0 
3/6 
3/6 

2/0 


De Offioiis, Book 3. 
De Seneotute. 
InCatilinam I. -IV. 


3/0 
*2/0 
3/0 


i/3 

1/0 


HORACE 
Epistles (including Ars 




*L, III. (eac 
Philippic II. 


h)2/0 
3/6 


i/b 

1/3 


Poetica). 
Epistles (excluding Ars 


4/6 


Pro Archia. 
Pro Cluentio. 


2/0 

4/6 


1/0 
1/3 


Poetica}. 
Epistles, Book I. 


2 b 


Pro Lege Manilla. 
Pro Marcello. 


3/0 


1/3 

1/0 


Epodes. 
Odes, Books 1-4. 


2/0 
>4/8 


Pro Milone. 


3/0 


/ 

1/3 


Separately, each Book * 


*2/0 


Pro Plancio. 


4/6 


1/3 


Satires. 


4/6 


Pro Rege Deiotaro. 
Pro Roscio Amerino. 


2/6 
3/6 


i/s 


ISOCRATES 




Soumiuni Scipionis. 


2/6 




De Bigia. 


3/6 



Continued on page 3 of Wrapper. 



CICERO PRO ARCHIA. 
A TRANSLATION. 



I. 1. IP, gentlemen of the jury, I have aught of talent and 
how small it is, I am conscious ; or if I have any readiness 
in speaking and in this I do not deny that I am tolerably 
experienced ; or if I have some theoretical knowledge of this 
art, a knowledge which is the outcome of a scientific training 
in liberal arts, which I allow that no period of my life has 
avoided ; of all these acquirements, my client Aulus Licinius, 
I may say before any one else, ought almost of his own 
right to recover from me a profit. For as far as ever my 
mind can look back upon the course of bygone time and 
recall the remotest memories of boyhood ever since that 
time I recognise that it is my client has set himself to 
be my guide both in undertaking and entering upon this 
course of studies. And if this voice of mine, which was 
moulded by my client s encouragement and teaching, has 
proved at any time a deliverance to some individuals, 
surely, as far as in me lies, I ought to bring both assistance 
and deliverance to the very man from whom I received that 
which enabled me to assist the rest and to deliver others. 
2. And lest perchance a man should marvel that I speak 
thus much in this fashion, on the ground that the force of 
genius in my client is of some other sort than my own, and 
not either a theoretical or practical knowledge of the art of 
speaking, why, even personally I have never been entirely 
given over to this one branch of study. Indeed, all accom- 

Cic. Arc. 2V. 



2 CICERO [CH. I III. 

plishments which have any bearing upon culture have a 
kind of common tie, and are united to one another by what 
1 may call a kind of kinship. 

II. 3. However, that it may not seem matter of surprise 
to any of you that in a statutory court and a public trial, 
though the case is being conducted in the presence of so 
worthy a Praetor of the Roman People, and in the presence 
of a most impartial jury, amidst so crowded an assemblage 
of people, I make use of a style of speech which is quite 
alien to judicial usage as well as to the language of the 
Bar : that this, I say, may not seem matter of surprise, I 
beg of you, in this case, to grant me this privilege one 
appropriate to such a defendant as my client, and further 
one which, as I hope, is not disagreeable to yourselves the 
privilege of allowing me when speaking on behalf of an un 
rivalled poet and deeply-read scholar, amidst an assemblage 
like this of thoroughly educated men, and in fine with such 
a Praetor as this presiding over the case, to speak with son.e 
little freedom on the pursuits of culture and literature, and 
to employ a style of speech well-nigh original and untried in 
the case of a character which has been but little represented 
in trials and processes owing to its learned retirement. 4. 
And if I shall perceive that this is granted and allowed to 
me by yourselves, I shall assuredly bring it to pass that you 
shall deem my client, Aulus- Licinius, not only not a man to 
be struck off the citizens roll though, he be a citizen, but a 
man to have been enrolled therein if he had not been already 
such. 

III. For from the day when first Archias passed out of 
boyhood and betook himself, from those forms of study by 
which boyhood is usually moulded to a cultured form, to 
the pursuit of authorship first at Antioch (for he was born 
there in a high position), once a populous and wealthy city, 
teeming with men of profoundest learning and studies of 
the highest culture he speedily began to surpass all men 
in the fame of his talents. At- a later date, with such 
crowds was his arrival at various places attended in the 
other regions of Asia and the whole of Greece, that the 
expectations formed about him surpassed the renown of his 
talent, while his arrival in person, and the wonder thereby 



37.] PRO ARCHIA. 3 

excited, outdid even those expectations. 5. At that time 
Italy was filled with the culture and teaching of Greece, 
and such studies were at that period pursued among the 
Latin peoples with greater ardour than they now are in the 
same towns, while here at Rome they were not passed over, 
thanks to the security of the state. /For this reason the 
men of Tarentum and Locri, of Rhegium and Naples, pre 
sented my client with the freedom of their cities and the 
other usual honours, and all who could form any judgment 
upon talents, reckoned him a man worth knowing and 
entertaining. Already well known even to distant peoples 
through the wide notoriety of his reputation, he came to 
Rome in the consulship of Marius and Catulus. / On his 
first arrival he found in the Consulate men of whom the 
former could show the grandest of achievements to write 
about, the latter both enthusiasm and taste, as well as 
achievements. / The Luculli welcomed him at once to their 
house, though Archias was even at that date but a mere boy. 
And there was this much in his talent and literary acquire 
ments, no less than in his character and merits, that the 
household which was first to patronise my client s youthful 
years was also the best friend of his old age./ 6. In those 
days the great Quintus Metellus Numidicus and his son 
Pius found him a pleasing acquaintance ; his lectures were 
attended by Marcus Aemilius; he lived with Quintus Catulus, 
the father and the son of that name ; he earned the respect 
of Licinius Crassus ; and while he kept devoted to himself, 
by constant intercourse, the Luculli and Drusus, the 
Octavii and Cato, and the entire family of the Hortensii, 
he was paid a very high honour in that not those alone 
cultivated his acquaintance who were eager to learn and 
listen to something, but even any who by chance were 
making a show of such eagerness. 

IY. Meantime, after a fairly long interval, he set out 
with Marcus Lucullus for Sicily, and, after quitting that 
province with the same Lucullus, came to Heraclea ; and as 
this was a state on perfectly equal treaty rights, he claimed 
that he should be enrolled in that state, and, being personally 
considered eligible upon his own merits/ he obtained his wish 
from the men of Heraclea by the influence and popularity 



4 CICERO [CH. IV V. 

of Lucullus also. 7. The Roman franchise was granted him 
in accordance with the Law of Silvanus and Carbo : If any 
persons should be enrolled as citizens of allied states, provided 
that at the time when the law was passed they had settled 
residence in Italy, and provided that they registered their names 
before a Praetor within sixty days of the same. My client, 
having now for many years had a fixed residence in Rome, 
registered his name before the Praetor Quintus Metellus, his 
most intimate friend. 

8. If we are to speak of nothing except the franchise and 
the law, I have no more to say ; my case is stated : for which 
of these points can be invalidated, Grattius ? Will you say 
that he was not enrolled a citizen at Heraclea ? Marcus 
Lucullus, a gentleman of the highest influence, conscien 
tiousness, and good faith, supports me, and declares that he 
does not think, but knows, did not get it by hearsay, but was 
an eyewitness, was not merely present, but transacted the 
business. Envoys of the highest rank from Heraclea support 
me : they have come on account of this very case with oflicial 
instructions and the testimony of their state, and they aver 
that my client was enrolled a citizen of Heraclea, Do you 
ask hereupon for the public archives of the Heracliots? 
Why, we all of us know that they perished when the Record- 
office was burned in the Social War. /It is preposterous to 
say nothing in reply to what evidence we have, and to demand 
what we cannot have, to ignore personal testimony and to 
cry out for written testimony, and, though you have the 
scrupulosity of a man of honour, and the oath and pledge of 
an irreproachable township, to reject evidence which cannot 
in any way be tampered with and to ask for archives which 
you nevertheless aver are often forged./ 9. Surely a man 
who stationed at Rome the home of all his property and 
fortunes so many years before the franchise was conceded, 
had fixed residence at Rome? Surely he registered his 
name ( Why, he registered it in the particular schedules 
which, alone of all that registration and of the board of 
Praetors, possess the weight of public records. 

Y. For whereas it was alleged that Appius schedules 
were carelessly preserved; whereas all the credit of Gabinius 
schedules was destroyed by his worthless character so long 



8 12.] PEG ARCHIA. 6 

as he was un disgraced, and by his disgrace after his condem 
nation ; Metellus, the most upright and law-abiding of them 
all, was a man of such exactness as to come before Lucius 
Lentulus the Praetor and a jury, and declare himself troubled 
by the erasure of a single name. In those schedules then you 
find no erasure in the case of Aulus Licinius name./ 10. And 
since this is so, what reason have you to doubt his citizenship, 
and that though he was an enrolled citizen in other towns 
as well ? Or perhaps, at a time when in Magna Graecia they 
were bestowing their franchise for nothing upon numbers 
of men of ordinary merit, and men possessing either no 
skill at all or skill of some mean class ; I suppose the men 
of Rhegium and Locri and Naples and Tarentum declined 
to bestow upon my client, though possessing the widest 
reputation for his ability, what they were in the habit of 
bestowing upon stage-players ! Why, not after the bestowal 
of the Roman franchise only, but even after the passing of 
the Papian law, the others crept somehow into the census- 
rolls of those townships ; and shall my client be rejected, 
who never even makes use of the schedules upon which he 
was enrolled, because he has always claimed to be a citizen of 
Heraclea 1 11. You ask for our census-returns. Naturally ; 
for it is doubtful, I suppose, that under the last censors my 
client was with the army accompanying the distinguished 
general Lucius Lucullus, and that he was in Asia with the 
same Lucullus when Quaestor under the previous censors, 
and that under the first censors, Julius and Crassus, no part 
of the population was assessed. However, the census does 
not establish the right of citizenship, but merely shows 
that the person who is returned has at that particular 
time conducted himself as a citizen. Well, then, at the 
aforesaid date, the man whom you accuse of never, upon his 
own showing, having shared the rights of Roman citizens, 
frequently made wills under our laws, entered upon in 
heritances from Roman citizens, and was notified to the 
Treasury by Lucius Lucullus the Proconsul upon his list of 
emoluments. 

VI. Seek any arguments you can, for my client will 
never be refuted by any judgment of his own or of his friends. 
12. You will ask me, Grattius, why I take so much pleasure 



6 CICERO [CH. VI VII 

in this gentleman : because lie provides me with that wherein 
my spirits may recover themselves after this turmoil of 
the law-courts, and my ears find peace when wearied with 
the noise of wrangling. Surely you do not believe that we 
can keep ourselves supplied with something to say every 
day on such a variety of topics, unless we thoroughly culti 
vate our minds by study ? Surely you do not think that 
our minds could endure such strain unless we should give 
them the relaxation of the same study ? For my part I 
own that I am devoted to the pursuit of this. The rest of 
the world may be ashamed to have so buried themselves 
with literature as to be able neither to produce therefrom 
anything to the common profit, nor to bring it into sight 
and publicity. But why should I be ashamed, gentlemen 
of the jury, to have been living now so many years in such 
fashion, that neither has my love of retirement ever with 
drawn me from any man s time of peril or season of advan 
tage, nor has indulgence called me away, nor, in short, has 
sloth kept me back from it ? A 3. Who therefore, I pray, 
could find fault with me, o/ who could, with justice, be 
vexed with me, if I have myself appropriated to the re 
sumption of such studies just so much out of my leisure 
hours as the rest of the world devotes to the transaction of 
their affairs, meeting of private engagements, or to attend 
ing the holidays of the Games, or to other indulgences and 
the mere rest of their minds and bodies? just so much 
time as some devote to lengthy dinners, or even to the dice- 
box and the tennis-ball ? Indeed, this should be all the more 
allowed me, because by these very studies this eloquence and 
ability of mine likewise gathers strength, and, so far as I 
possess it, it has never failed the perils of my friends ; and 
even supposing it seem somewhat trivial to any man, at 
any rate I am conscious of the source from whence I draw 
the following principles, which are of the highest value. 
14. Had I not from early youth convinced myself, by the 
teaching of many a man and by wide reading, that there is 
nothing to be particularly preferred in life save merit and 
honour ; and that, in the pursuit thereof, any bodily torture, 
any peril of death or banishment, is to be deemed of little 
weight ; never should I have thrown myself, for your pre- 



15 1C.] PRO ABCHIA. 7 

servation, in tlie way of such constant and serious conflicts, 
nor in tlie way of such daily attacks from abandoned des 
peradoes. No : all books, and the utterances of the wise, 
and antiquity, are full of precedents, which would all lie in 
darkness unless there were brought to bear upon them the 
light of the world of letters. How many a well-finished 
portrait of heroic men have the historians of Greece and 
Latium left to us, not to look upon only, but to imitate ! 
Keeping these always before me in my political life, I tried 
to mould my will and reason by the mere contemplation of 
distinguished men. 

VII. 15. Some one will ask: "What? Were those 
very men of genius, whose merits have been handed down 
by literature, trained in this learning which you extol with 
praise ? " It is not easy to assert this confidently of all of 
them, yet what I am to reply is certain. I own that many 
men of exceptional mind and merit have had no learning, 
and that through the well-nigh divine character of their 
very nature they have, by their simple selves, become con 
spicuous for their self-control and moral resolution. Nay, 
1 also add this, that nature without culture has more often 
been of significance with regard to merit and moral worth, 
than has culture without nature. And, further, I maintain 
this, that when to an exceptional and brilliant nature has 
been added what may be called the systematic moulding 
afforded by culture, then there generally results a peculiar 
product of quite unique excellence. 16. Of this number I 
count to be the glorious Africanus the younger, whom our 
fathers saw; of this number I count Cains Laelius and 
Lucius Furius, men of the greatest self-control and restraint ; 
of this number I count famous old Marcus Cato, the most 
resolute and learned man of those days. Assuredly had 
they found themselves in no measure continually assisted by 
literature in their comprehension and practice of virtue, 
they would never have betaken themselves to the study 
thereof. And yet if so great a profit were not held out to 
them, and if enjoyment only were sought from such studies, 
still, I fancy, you would decide that this is the mind s most 
refined and liberal relaxation. The other classes of enjoy 
ment are not for every time or every age or every situation, 



8 CICERO [CH. VITI TX 

but these pursuits are the food of youth and the charm of age; 
they are the ornament of prosperity, and lend a refuge and 
comfort to misfortune ; at home they are a pleasure, abroad 
they are no hindrance ; they are with us by night, upon 
our journeys, at our country seats. 17. Why, supposing 
we could not of ourselves finger or with our own faculties 
dabble in such pursuits, yet we ought to view them with 
admiration even when we saw them in others. 

VIII. Which of us all was so uncultivated and un 
feeling of heart as not to be deeply moved of late by 
Roscius death ? Though he was an old man when he died, 
yet, on account of the surpassing grace of his artistic 
performance it seemed that he ought not to have died at 
all. So then, while he had won for himself so much affection 
from us all by mere bodily activity, shall we have no 
consideration for singular mental activity and quickness 
of intellect? 18. How many a time, gentlemen, for since 
you are giving me your attention so closely in this new style 
of speech I will make the most of your good nature, how 
many times have I seen Archias here, without having 
written down one letter, speak off-hand a lengthy number 
of excellent verses on the particular matters which were at 
the moment the subject of conversation ! How many times 
have I known him, when recalled, deliver himself upon the 
same matter with a change of language and sentiments ! 
And I have seen what he had written with care and 
thought so highly praised, that he quite came up to the 
merits of the ancient authors. Am I not to love him then 
and admire him, and reckon him a man to be defended in 
every way? Besides, we have been told by men of the 
highest eminence and learning that whereas the study of 
all other subjects is founded upon learning and theoretical 
rules and technical skill, the poet draws his strength from 
his own natural ability, and is stirred by the force of his 
mind, and is inspired, as it were, by a sort of heaven-sent 
afflatus. It is for this reason that our famous Ennius of 
his own right calls poets holy men, because they seem to 
him to have been committed to our care as a kind of gift 
and present, I may say, from the gods. 19. Then, 
gentlemen of the jury, let this, the poet s reputation, be 



1721.] PRO AROIITA. 9 

holy in the eyes of such refined gentlemen as yourselves, a 
name to which no barbarism has ever done violence. The 
rocks and wildernesses make answer to his voice ; ofttimes 
by his song ferocious beasts are swayed and brought to a 
standstill: and are we, who have been instructed in the 
best teachings, not to be affected by the poet s voice ? The 
men of Colophon allege that Homer was a citizen of theirs ; 
the men of Chios claim him for their own ; they of Salamis 
demand him as their own ; and, again, they of Smyrna 
confidently assert that he is their own, and so they have 
even dedicated a chapel to him within their town ; and very 
many others besides wrangle and dispute with one another 
about him. 

IX. Thus those even seek after a stranger when dead 
because he was a poet : and shall we reject, while still alive, 
my client here, who is, by his own wish and by the laws, 
our own, and that though Archias long ago contributed all 
his enthusiasm and all his talents to extolling the renown 
and glory of the Roman people ? As a youth he set his 
hand to the subject of the Cimbric war, and gave pleasure 
even to Caius Marius himself, who was, it seems, somewhat 
lacking in sympathy for such pursuits. \J 20. Indeed, there 
never was any one such a stranger to poetic feeling as not 
readily to allow the immortal advertisement of his deeds to 
be committed to verse. They say that, on being asked 
which was the actor or whose the voice that he listened to 
with most pleasure, the famous Themistocles, the most 
eminent man in Athens, said : " His by whom my merits 
are best proclaimed ! " Thus the famous Marius, in like 
manner, showed a singular regard for Lucius Plotius, 
because he thought that his achievements might be glorified 
by Plotius talents. J21. By my client has been depicted 
the whole of the Mithradatic war, a great and hazardous 
war, involved in many a change of fortune both by land 
and sea ; and these volumes glorify not only the name of 
the brave and famous Lucius Lucullus, but that of the 
Roman people also. For it was the Roman people that, 
with Lucullus as their general, threw open that Pontus 
which was fortified alike by the formerly existing resources 
of its king and by its natural situation : it was the army 



10 CICERO [CH. X XI. 

of the Roman people that, under the same leader and 
with no very large force, routed the countless hosts of the 
Armenians : it is the merit of the Roman people that, 
thanks to the policy of the same Lucullus, the city of the 
Cyzicenes, one of our best friends, was rescued from every 
attack of the king and from the jaws and throat of the 
whole war, and was saved. ^ That unparalleled sea-fight off 
Tenedos, when Lucius Lucullus fought and slew the enemies 
leaders and sank their fleet, will for all time be spoken of 
and proclaimed as ours : ours are his trophies, his monu 
ments, his triumphs ; and the men by whose talents these 
are extolled, glorify the fame of the people of Rome, 22. 
Our Ennius was an esteemed friend of the elder Africanus, 
and therefore it is believed to be his statue in marble 
that was erected even upon the tomb of the Scipios; 
and of a truth by Ennius panegyrics is glorified not he 
only who is complimented, but the name of the people of 
Rome as well. Cato, the great-grandfather of the Cato here 
present, is lauded to the skies, and thereby is great honour 
done also to the commonwealth of the people of Rome. In 
a word, it is to the general glory of all of us that all those 
great men of the name of Maximus, Marcellus, and Fulvius, 
are honoured with praise. 

X. It was for this reason that our ancestors welcomed 
into their franchise him, the man of Rudiae, whose composi- 
tions these were ; and shall we cast out of our state, this 
man of Heraclea, one sought after by many states and by 
law established in this of ours? 23. For should a man 
fancy there is a lesser meed of renown reaped from Grecian 
verse than from Latin, he is utterly mistaken, for the 
reason that Greek is read in almost every nation, whereas 
Latin is confined within limits of its own, which are quite 
narrow. And therefore, if what we have achieved is limited 
only by the boundaries of the world, we ought to be desirous 
that our glory and renown may reach as far as the weapons 
of our hands have carried, since these rewards are not only 
honourable to the particular peoples, whose deeds are re 
corded, but they also form the chiefest spur to perils and 
sufferings, at least to those men who fight for their lives 
for glory s sake. 24. What a number of historians of his 



2226.] PRO AECHIA. 11 

achievements is Alexander the Great said to have kept 
with him ! And yet he, standing on Sigeum by the tomb of 
Achilles, exclaimed "0 happy youth, to have found the 
herald of thy valour in Homer ! " True enough ; for had 
not the famous Iliad been produced, the same mound which 
had covered up Achilles body would have buried his renown 
as well. Why, did not our Pom perns Magnus of to-day, 
who has matched his good fortune by his merit, present 
with the franchise in military assembly Theophanes of 
Mitylene, the historian of his achievements ? And did not 
those stout heroes of ours, though but men of the soil and 
soldiers, deeply stirred by what I may call the charm of 
fame, commend the act with loud applause, as though them 
selves the partners in the same panegyric ? 25. And so, I 
imagine, had Archias not been by law a Roman citizen, he 
would not have been able to bring it about that he should be 
presented with the franchise by some general ! I suppose 
that, though Sulla presented therewith natives of Spain and 
Gaul, he would have rejected a request from my client ! 
Why, we saw him in a public assembly, when a sorry poet 
of the people offered him from below a little book of verses 
consisting of an epigram which he had composed about him, 
merely in a set of distichs of moderate length, at once give 
orders that reward should be paid the fellow out of the 
property which he was at the moment selling, but on the 
condition that he never wrote anything thereafter/ If he 
deemed the officiousness of even a sorry poet worthy all the 
same of some acknowledgment, would he inot have sought 
after my client s talent, power, and fluency in composition ? 
26. Again, could not Archias have obtained his wish from 
Q. Metellus Pius, one of his most intimate friends, who 
presented numbers with the franchise, either by his own 
efforts or those of the Luculli 1 and that though Metellus 
was so desirous of having a history of his achievements 
written, that he lent ear even to poets born at Cordova, 
though they have a somewhat crass and outlandish ring 
about them. 

XI. For indeed we must not conceal from ourselves, but 
keep before our minds this truth, which cannot be thrown 
into the shade, namely, that we are all drawn on by the 



12 CICERO [CH. XI XII. 

pursuit of praise, and all the best of us are so led by glory 
in the highest degree. Those great philosophers themselves, 
in the very books which they compose on the subject of 
despising glory, write their own names upon the title-pages ; 
and in the very thing wherein they look down on public 
praise and a name of renown, they claim to be publicly 
praised and named. 27. Indeed, that distinguished gentle 
man and commander, Decimus Brutus, adorned the ap 
proaches of his temples and public buildings with lines from 
Accius, his dearest friend; and in fact, that Fulvius who 
conducted the war against the Aetolians with Ennius on 
his staff, had no hesitation in consecrating the spoils of war 
to the honour of the Muses. So that civilian jurymen 
ought not to hold aloof from the honour of the Muses and 
the safeguarding of a poet in the city wherein generals, 
hardly yet unarmed, have paid honour to the poets name 
and the Muses shrines. 28. And that ye may more readily 
do so, gentlemen of the jury, I will now turn evidence 
against myself before you, and make confession to you of 
what I may call my passion for glory too keen, perhaps, 
yet honourable. My client set his hand to and made a 
beginning upon the successes which I achieved in my 
consulship in conjunction with yourselves on behalf of the 
safety of this our city and our e,mpire, on behalf of the 
lives of our fellow-citizens, and on behalf of the state as a 
whole. When I heard this, I encouraged him to complete 
the task, as it seemed to me a splendid and agreeable 
subject ; for merit seeks no other reward for its risks and 
toils save this of praise and fame, and if this be taken away, 
gentlemen, what reason is there why we should exert 
ourselves in toils so heavy for a span of life so little and so 
short? 29. Of a truth, our souls, if they had no anticipa 
tion about the future, and if they limited all their designs 
by these same bounds wherewith our span of life is hemmed 
about, would not weaken themselves with labours so 
grievous, nor vex themselves with so many cares and 
anxious watchings, nor fight so often for dear life. As it 
is, there resides in all the best of us a sort of noble instinct, 
which night and day rouses up our souls with the spur of 
fame, and warns us that the narrative of our renown is not 



2732.] PRO ARCHIA. 13 

to be abandoned with life s day, but to be made equal in 
duration with all futurity. 

XII. 30. Or indeed are we all to seem so small-minded, 
we who are busied with public affairs and the present perils 
and labours of our life, as to think that, albeit up to the 
very end of our course we have drawn never one breath 
in peace and retirement, with ourselves will perish our all ? 
Has many an eminent man been so zealous to bequeath to 
us his bust or portrait as the image of his body only, not of 
his soul ? Ought not we by far to prefer to leave behind us 
some pattern of our views and virtues delineated and finished 
by men of the highest genius? Personally, in my very 
actions, I believed that all that I didVwas scattering and 
spreading abroad my own self over the world s undying 
memory. And whether that memory will be far removed 
from any perception of mine after my death, or whether, 
as the greatest philosophers have maintained, it will even 
reach to some portion of my soul; in this life I take 
pleasure at any rate in the contemplation of it in some 
sort, and the anticipation of it. 31. Wherefore, gentlemen 
of the jury, come to the rescue of one whose honourable 
character is such as you see proved by the rank and long 
standing of his friends ; one whose genius is such as you 
may fairly believe a genius to be when you observe that it 
is sought after by men of the highest genius ; one whose 
case is of a character to be upheld by the kindly purpose 
of the law, by the evidence of a township, by Lucullus 
testimony, and by Metellus schedules. And as these are 
the facts, gentlemen, I beg of you, if there should be in 
such talents as his any recommendation, not of man s 
making only but of God s giving, take my client under your 
protection in such fashion that he shall be seen to be rather 
assisted by your benevolence than wronged by your severity ; 
for he is a man who has always proved an ornament to 
yourselves, to your generals, and to the deeds of the Roman 
people ; he is one who declares himself ready to bestow an 
undyingjneed of praise upon these late domestic perils of 
my own and yours ; he is one of that number which has 
in all ages and amongst all peoples been called holy, and so 
considered. 32. What I have said, gentlemen, on the case 



14 CICERO PRO ARCHTA. [CH. XII. 

itself briefly and simply as my custom, is, I trust has been 
to the satisfaction of all : what I have said about the 
defendant s talents, and about study itself in general terms, 
foreign to the custom of the bar and the law-courts, has, I 
trust, gentlemen, been heard by you in good part, as I am 
convinced that it has by the officer who presides over this 
court. 



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